Known as the “Insurance Capitol of the World,” Hartford is the capital of the state of Connecticut. As of the 2010 census, Hartford has a population just under 125,000. Among Connecticut cities, only Bridgeport, New Haven and Stamford have more citizens. Established in 1637, Hartford is one of America’s oldest cities.
Hartford boasts numerous notable attractions, including the country’s oldest public park (Bushnell Park), public art museum (Wadsworth Atheneum) and newspaper (The Hartford Courant). Hartford is also home to Hartford Public, the second-oldest secondary school in the United States. Mark Twain wrote countless famous works in the city of Hartford.
Originally inhabited by members of the Algonquin confederation, Hartford was initially known as “Suckiaug,” translated in English as “Black Fertile River-Enhanced Earth, good for planting.” Tribes living in Hartford included the Podunks, the Poquonocks, the Tunxis and the Wangunks. In terms of westerners, the Dutch were the first Europeans to explore Hartford.
Hartford is home to numerous insurance companies, including Aetna, Conning & Company, Hartford Steam Boiler, UnitedHealthcare, The Hartford and The Phoenix Companies. Hartford also serves as something of a medical hub, home to Hartford Hospital, The Institute of Living, Saint Francis Hospital & Medical Center and the Connecticut Children’s Medical Center.
Points of interest include the Ancient Burying Ground, Armsmear, Bulkeley Bridge, the Bushnell Center for the Performing Arts, Cathedral of St. Joseph, Cheney Building, Center Church, City Place I, Comcast Theater, Connecticut Science Center, Colt Armory, Connecticut Convention Center, Connecticut State Library & Supreme Court, Connecticut Opera, Constitution Plaze, Elizabeth Park & Rose Garden, Harriet Beecher Stowe House & Research Center, Pope Park, The Mark Twain House, Old State House, Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Arch, Trinity College and the XL Center.
Hartford’s sister cities include Afula (Israel), Thessaloniki (Greece), Bydgoszcz (Poland), Ocotal (Nicaragua), Caguas (Puerto Rico), New Ross (Ireland), Dongguan (China), Morant Bay (Jamaica), Floridia (Italy), Mangualde (Portugal), Freetown (Sierra Leone) and Hertford (United Kingdom).
The Hartford Superior Courthouse is located at 95 Washington Street in Hartford, Connecticut, 06106.